Threat and Error Management: Attitudes towards training and applicability of TEM to general aviation and low capacity air transport operations


The threat and error management (TEM) model provides a non-technical tool to help pilots identify and manage threats (hazards) and errors during flight. In preparation for regulatory changes that come into effect in July 2009, the Guild of Air Pilots and Air Navigators (GAPAN) developed a TEM 'train-the-trainer' course for general aviation and low capacity air transport operations. Between August and October 2007, GAPAN conducted TEM training in 10 locations throughout Australia. Two surveys were administered to TEM course participants by the Australian Transport Safety Bureau: one immediately after the training session and the other about 8 months after the training.

The surveys were designed to elicit information on attitudes towards TEM, organisational safety strategies, and challenges and benefits of implementing TEM. The follow-up survey was constructed to explore whether TEM has been implemented, along with any challenges and benefits found where TEM had been implemented.

Overall, the responses regarding attitudes and intentions of implementing TEM were positive. Eight months after the training, most organisations had implemented TEM and incorporated it into their own training programs. Implementation of TEM into the respondents' organisation was generally considered easy and staff were receptive, with the greatest challenges being time and resources.

Type: Research and Analysis Report
Author(s): Cheng, K. Inglis, M. Godley, S. T.
Series number: AR2006156_1
Publication date: 24 June 2009
Publication number: AR-2006-156
Related: Human factors
Last update 07 April 2014
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