Aviation occurrence briefs

Fuel starvation involving a Cessna 210M, near Maningrida, NT, on 4 June 2020

Number:
AB-2020-026
Status: Completed
Investigation completed

Brief

Occurrence Briefs are concise reports that detail the facts surrounding a transport safety occurrence, as received in the initial notification and any follow-up enquiries. They provide an opportunity to share safety messages in the absence of an investigation.

What happened

On 4 June 2020, a Cessna 210M departed Darwin for a charter flight to Maningrida, Northern Territory. There was a pilot and three passengers on board.

After take-off, the aircraft was cleared to climb to 7,500 ft and track direct to Maningrida. During cruise, the pilot switched from the left to the right fuel tank. Approximately 26 minutes after the tank switch, the pilot observed the exhaust gas temperature rising and the fuel flow gauge fluctuating. The pilot then turned on the fuel pump and observed that the fuel flow gauge ceased to fluctuate. Once the fuel pump was turned off again, the fuel flow fluctuations increased in severity, the engine’s performance was diminished and the RPM dropped. The engine subsequently stopped.

The pilot immediately turned on the fuel pump, reduced the mixture lever to half way, switched the fuel tank from right back to left and successfully restarted the engine. With no suitable landing areas identified, the pilot closely monitored the engine’s performance and maintained 6,000 ft until overhead Maningrida. The aircraft joined the circuit and landed without further incident.

Post-flight, the pilot checked that the fuel caps were secured correctly and conducted a fuel drain to check for contamination, of which there was none.

Engineers conducted a thorough inspection of the fuel system and discovered mud wasp nests in both fuel vent lines.

Safety action

As a result of this incident, the operator and maintenance organisation advised the ATSB that they have taken the following safety action:

  • A full fleet inspection was conducted where all fuel vent lines were examined for blockages.
  • Fuel cap venting will be checked during 100 hourly aircraft inspections.

Safety message

The ATSB has investigated a number of incidents involving insect activity disrupting aircraft systems and causing blockages that have been particularly difficult to identify.  Mud wasps in particular, can build nests in aircraft that are stationary for very short periods of time. This incident serves as a reminder to operators that extra caution should always be taken in locations where known environmental hazards exist.

About this report

Decisions regarding whether to conduct an investigation, and the scope of an investigation, are based on many factors, including the level of safety benefit likely to be obtained from an investigation. For this occurrence, no investigation has been conducted and the ATSB did not verify the accuracy of the information. A brief description has been written using information supplied in the notification and any follow-up information in order to produce a short summary report, and allow for greater industry awareness of potential safety issues and possible safety actions.

General details
Date: 04 June 2020   Investigation status: Completed  
Time: 1106 CST    
Location   (show map): near Maningrida    
State: Northern Territory    
Release Date: 30 July 2020   Occurrence category: Incident  
Report status: Final   Highest injury level: None  

Aircraft details

Aircraft details
Aircraft manufacturer Cessna Aircraft Company  
Aircraft model 210M  
Type of operation Charter  
Sector Piston  
Damage to aircraft Nil  
Departure point Darwin, Northern Territory  
Destination Maningrida, Northern Territory  
Last update 30 July 2020