Rail safety investigations & reports

Derailment of freight train 2AD1 near Hugh River, NT on 23 December 2014

Investigation number:
Status: Completed
Investigation completed

Final Report

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What happened

At about 1925 CDT[1] on 23 December 2014, GWA train 2AD1 derailed near Hugh River, Northern Territory. The derailment resulted from an axle bearing failure on wagon PTMY 6-T. The wagon, carrying distillate fuel, remained upright and there was some minor damage to the track (sleepers and rail clips). There were no injuries.

What the ATSB found

The ATSB found that the journal and bearing on wagon PTMY 6-T had seized and lost interference fit – generating high levels of frictional heating between the bearing and axle journal, and the subsequent torsional shearing failure of the axle (a ‘screwed journal’). The axle failure immediately caused the leading axle of the trailing bogie to derail.

On the balance of the available evidence, the ATSB concluded that a loss of lubrication or an internal bearing cage failure was the most likely contributor to the bearing breakdown and seizure. Evidence also suggested the breakdown developed relatively rapidly, given the absence of a positive fault detection from two bearing acoustic monitoring systems (RailBAM®) passed on the day of the occurrence.

Safety message

Bearing failures leading to derailment continue to occur within the Australian rail network. Rail operators must continue to be vigilant and ensure axle bearings, and in particular axle box type bearings, are correctly installed, maintained and monitored throughout their life.

 Train 2AD1 near Hugh River, NT

 Train 2AD1 near Hugh River, NT

Source: Genesee Wyoming Australia Pty Ltd 


  1. Central Daylight Time (ACDT), UTC +10.5 hours
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[Download  PDF: 1.32MB]

The occurrence



Additional safety action

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General details
Date: 23 December 2014   Investigation status: Completed  
Time: 1925 CST   Investigation level: Defined - click for an explanation of investigation levels  
Location   (show map): near Hugh River    
State: Northern Territory    
Release date: 07 December 2015   Occurrence category: Accident  
Report status: Final   Highest injury level: None  

Train details

Train details
Line operator Genesee & Wyoming Australia  
Train operator Genesee & Wyoming Australia  
Train registration 2AD1  
Type of operation Freight  
Sector Freight  
Damage to train Minor  
Departure point Adelaide, SA  
Destination Darwin, NT  
Last update 14 November 2018