On 2 August 2014, the pilot prepared the C206, VH-TND for the first of three scenic flights. As the aircraft departed from runway 03, the wind was from the east at about 8 knots.
On return to Rawnsley Park, the pilot conducted a straight in approach onto runway 21. The pilot did not compensate for the crosswind during the flare and touchdown, and after landing retracted all stages of flap, and applied light pressure to the brakes.
The aircraft then began to veer to the left. The pilot applied right rudder, but was unable to correct the situation, so initiated a go-around. During the go-around the horizontal stabiliser struck a shrub, causing significant damage to the aircraft. The pilot lowered the aircraft nose. After clearing a small tree, the pilot raised the aircraft’s nose in an attempt to clear the windsock.
Moments later, the aircraft spun rapidly to the left and collided with the ground. The pilot shut down the aircraft and assisted the passengers to exit. One passenger sustained serious injuries and another sustained minor injuries. The pilot was not injured. The aircraft was substantially damaged.
It appears that an incorrect technique was applied during the crosswind landing and subsequent go-around. The suddenness of the unexpected events during an otherwise routine exercise caught the pilot unprepared, resulting in a loss of situational awareness.
The Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) has available on their website a booklet and DVD looking at situational awareness. Chapter 6 specifically looks at Losing Situational Awareness.
This is available through CASA’s online store: www.casa.gov.au
The European General Aviation Safety Team (EASA) published a Safety Promotion Leaflet on Decision Making for General Aviation Pilots. This leaflet suggests that many accidents are the result of pilot action, including the decisions that they make.
This brochure is available at www.easa.europa.eu
To download, click the link, then right-click and select Save As.
Copyright in material obtained from other agencies, private individuals or organisations, belongs to those agencies, individuals or organisations and should be credited accordingly.
|Date:||02 August 2014||Investigation status:||Completed|
|Time:||0900 CST||Investigation level:||Short - click for an explanation of investigation levels|
|Location:||Rawnsley Park (ALA)|
|State:||South Australia||Occurrence type:||Collision with terrain|
|Release date:||03 December 2014||Occurrence class:||Operational|
|Report status:||Final||Occurrence category:||Accident|
|Highest injury level:||Minor|
|Aircraft manufacturer||Cessna Aircraft Company|
|Type of operation||Charter|
|Damage to aircraft||Substantial|
|Departure point||Rawnsley Park, SA|
|Destination||Rawnsley Park, SA|