Aviation safety investigations & reports

Beech Aircraft Corp B200, VH-FDG

Investigation number:
200401549
Status: Completed
Investigation completed

Summary

The Australian Transport Safety Bureau did not conduct an on-scene investigation of this occurrence. The report presented below was prepared principally from information supplied to the Bureau.

REPORTED INFORMATION

At 0337 Western Standard Time on 11 April 2004, a Beech Aircraft Company Super King Air aircraft, registered VH-FDG, with one pilot, a flight nurse and one passenger on board was conducting an aeromedical flight from Paraburdoo to Albany WA. The pilot reported that, during cruise at flight level 310, the right engine surged, followed by rising Inter-Turbine Temperature. The engine was shut down and the flight diverted to Jandakot, WA.

A subsequent engineering examination by the operator's maintenance engineers revealed that the engine had been subjected to severe over-temperature damage resulting in turbine failure.

The engine was sent to the manufacturer's overhaul facility for further examination. The examination confirmed that the reported damage resulted from over-temperature conditions in the engine. The engine's fuel control unit (FCU) was removed and tested to determine if it conformed to the required fuel scheduling specifications. The testing revealed that the FCU was not metering the fuel to the appropriate schedule and that the engine may have been subject to hot starting1 conditions and a rich acceleration2 schedule. These conditions would have shortened the service life of the engine, leading to the reported failure.


1 Hot starting refers to a higher than normal temperature reached during the engine starting cycle.
2 A rich acceleration schedule indicates that that FCU was providing a higher than normal fuel flow to the engine during starting.

General details
Date: 11 April 2004   Investigation status: Completed  
Time: 0350 hours WST    
Location   (show map): 74 km S Mount Magnet, (NDB)    
State: Western Australia   Occurrence type: Abnormal engine indications  
Release date: 14 April 2005   Occurrence class: Technical  
Report status: Final   Occurrence category: Incident  
  Highest injury level: None  

Aircraft details

Aircraft details
Aircraft manufacturer Beech Aircraft Corp  
Aircraft model 200  
Aircraft registration VH-FDG  
Serial number BB-1172  
Type of operation Aerial Work  
Damage to aircraft Nil  
Departure point Paraburdoo, WA  
Departure time 0218 hours WST  
Destination Albany, WA  
Last update 13 May 2014