The pilot of the Piper Chieftain reported that at the top of descent he noticed that the left engine began to run roughly. Initial checks showed no evidence of a problem and the pilot began to troubleshoot. Approximately 30 seconds after the initial onset of vibrations, the pilot noticed that the left engine oil pressure and power significantly decreased before the engine failed. The pilot shut the engine down and feathered the propeller in accordance with emergency procedures. The pilot broadcast a PIN to Melbourne Air Traffic Control advising of the situation and that his intention was to continue to Devonport. After arriving in the circuit area the pilot ensured that the Rescue Fire Fighting Service was in attendance and that he had briefed the passengers, before landing the aircraft without further incident.
A post flight engineering inspection revealed that a number 2-cylinder connecting rod bolt had failed allowing the rod to puncture the left engine crankcase in two locations.
The failed components were examined by the ATSB technical analysis section. It was found that the number 2 connecting rod failure was the result of fatigue cracking of the connecting rod big-end bearing housing.
The fatigue cracking had initiated and developed due to abnormal loads arising from the loss of the bearing shell material from within the connecting rod big-end housing. The connecting rod bolt failure then occurred due to bending overload , which resulted from the fatigue cracking and separation of the opposite side of the big-end bearing housing.
As at 11 September 2001, the ATSB was examining ten engines from PA 31 aircraft types as part of the ongoing investigation 20002157. The engine in this occurrence was one of the ten being examined, however insufficient evidence was available from the items examined in this occurrence to enable a determination of the mechanism of the big-end bearing failure.
|Date:||26 March 2001||Investigation status:||Completed|
|Time:||1712 hours EST|
|Location:||59 km WNW Devonport, (NDB)|
|Release date:||21 September 2001|
|Report status:||Final||Occurrence category:||Incident|
|Highest injury level:||None|
|Aircraft manufacturer||Piper Aircraft Corp|
|Type of operation||Air Transport Low Capacity|
|Damage to aircraft||Nil|
|Departure point||King Island, TAS|
|Departure time||1631 hours EST|
|Role||Class of licence||Hours on type||Hours total|