Aviation safety investigations & reports

Boeing Co 747-312, VH-INH

Investigation number:
Status: Completed
Investigation completed


A Boeing 747, while en-route from Kansai to Brisbane at Flight Level 370, encountered unforecast clear air turbulence, which lasted for about 10 seconds. One flight attendant and 16 passengers suffered minor injuries. The aircraft sustained minor damage to internal ceiling panels in the rear cabin. A number of panels which contained the passenger overhead lighting and air vent controls were dislodged. However, the overhead cabin baggage lockers remained intact during the event.

An examination of the aircraft flight data recorder indicated that the turbulence had been preceded by a period of smooth air, which lasted for 40 seconds. The data revealed that during the event, the aircraft had sustained a positive G-loading of about 1.55, and a negative loading of about 0.21. The aircraft also deviated 250 ft above, and 30 ft below, its assigned flight level. No anomalies were recorded that might have suggested a malfunction of the aircraft systems.

A forecast for the area indicated no significant weather, although a subsequent analysis of relevant satellite images revealed isolated cumulo-nimbus clouds. A report by the Bureau of Meteorology suggested that turbulence above those clouds may have been responsible for the occurrence.

During the flight, the pilot in command had recommended that the passengers, when seated, should keep their seatbelts fastened. The pilot in command subsequently advised that prior to the turbulence, flight conditions had been smooth. The night was dark, and the aircraft weather radar did not indicate adverse weather. Consequently the crew did not illuminate the seatbelt signs.

A flight attendant reported that, at the time of the occurrence, a number of passengers did not have their seatbelts fastened and were injured when they were thrown from their seats. Some of those passengers had refused to fasten their seatbelts when seated. One of the passengers was injured when a piece of ceiling panel fell on him. A flight attendant was injured when she was thrown to the ceiling and then to the floor. Five passengers admitted to hospital were later released the same day.

In order to alert other crews in the area, the airline's standard operating procedures required the crew to report severe turbulence to air traffic services. However flight service records indicated that this did not occur.

Safety Action

As a result of this investigation, the Bureau of Air Safety Investigation issued two safety recommendations regarding the regulation and use of seatbelts by passengers:

IR980222 was issued to the Civil Aviation Safety Authority, recommending that a regulatory requirement be developed for passengers to wear seatbelts at all times when seated.

IR980223 was issued to all Australian airlines, recommending that they introduce a company requirement for passengers to wear seatbelts at all times when seated.

General details
Date: 27 May 1998   Investigation status: Completed  
Time: 1544 hours UTC    
Location   (show map): 1438 km NE Port Moresby, Aero.    
State: International    
Release date: 04 May 1999   Occurrence category: Incident  
Report status: Final   Highest injury level: Minor  

Aircraft details

Aircraft details
Aircraft manufacturer The Boeing Company  
Aircraft model 747  
Aircraft registration VH-INH  
Serial number 23026  
Type of operation Air Transport High Capacity  
Damage to aircraft Minor  
Departure point Kansai, JAPAN  
Destination Brisbane, QLD  
Crew details
Role Class of licence Hours on type Hours total
Pilot-in-Command ATPL 1850.0 19600
Last update 13 May 2014