Safety action taken:
On 10 April 2018, the Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) issued ‘Cabin safety bulletin 6 – Brace positions’. The purpose of the bulletin was to ‘…highlight to operators the importance of assuming an appropriate brace position and provide guidance associated with recommended brace-for-impact positions for both passengers and crew’. The bulletin was stated as applying to all Australian air operators. It emphasised the importance of using a brace position, and it provided detailed guidance information on appropriate brace positions for different situations.
On 10 October 2018, the CASA issued ‘Cabin safety bulletin 12 - General aviation passenger briefings’. The purpose of the bulletin was to ‘…provide guidance on how to conduct a briefing to increase passenger situational awareness and enhance any response to an emergency or abnormal event within the passenger-carrying environment’.
The background section stated:
Survivors of aircraft accidents have provided anecdotal evidence as to the importance of their recollection of information concerning the correct operation of aircraft equipment such as exits, the location of emergency equipment and how to adopt the brace position for impact. Adequately briefed passengers, who understand how to help themselves, will assist in the quick and successful evacuation of an aircraft.
The bulletin provided guidance for briefings of small aeroplanes, helicopters and hot air balloons. For small aeroplanes, the bulletin included the following information.
▸Seat belt fastening, tightening, releasing procedures.
▸Importance of using a shoulder harness where fitted.
▸Location and operation of doors and emergency exits.
▸Location and operation of emergency equipment such as the emergency locator transmitter, survival kit, first-aid kit, fire extinguisher and any other safety equipment.
▸Location and use of life jackets, including fitment and when to inflate.
▸Remain in the seat unless given permission to move.
▸Do not distract the pilot during take-off, manoeuvring or landing.
In the event of an emergency
Actions and precautions to take in the event of an emergency:
▸do not distract the pilot
▸check that any loose equipment in the cabin is secured
▸adopt brace position…
General guidance for pre-flight briefings on all aircraft types also referred to briefing the brace position, although specific guidance for helicopters did not mention the brace position.
 The full bulletin, and other CASA cabin safety bulletins, is available on the CASA website at www.casa.gov.au/aircraft/standard-page/cabin-safety-bulletin.