Recommendation R20030010

Recommendation issued to: Civil Aviation Safety Authority

Recommendation details
Output No: R20030010
Date issued: 26 February 2004
Safety action status:

Output text

Safety Recommendation

The Australian Transport Safety Bureau recommends that the Civil Aviation Safety Authority review their existing approvals of the Saab 340 abnormal and emergency checklists, with reference to current human factors research findings on the design and use of aircraft checklists.

Initial response
Date issued: 10 March 2004
Response from: Civil Aviation Safety Authority
Action status: Closed - Partially Accepted
Response text:

In addition to the information provided to the Bureau on 23 January 2004, I am advised that in accordance with Civil Aviation Regulation (CAR) 232, an operator is required to use an approved checklist, which sets out the procedures to be followed by the Pilot in Command (PIC) and other flight crew members prior to and on take-off, in flight, on landing and in emergency situations.

However, there is currently no requirement for human factors to be considered when approving aircraft checklists. Checklists are more often than not derived from manufacturers recommended checklists and then modified to incorporate other requirements that are found to be particular to the Australian environment.

Although there is currently no requirement for human factors to be considered when approving aircraft checklists, I am advised that training in both Human Factors and Crew Resource Management (CRM) will be addressed with the introduction of Civil Aviation Safety Regulation (CASR) Part 121A in 2005.

CASR 121A will require flight and cabin crewmembers to be subject to more comprehensive training and checking requirements, particularly in the application [of] human factors and CRM concepts in training and assessment well beyond the production of flight check systems.

CASA believes that the Bureau's recommendation will be met with the introduction of CASR Part 121A, which will apply these principles to all air transport operations in aircraft above 5700 kg maximum takeoff weight (MTOW).

Furthermore, as a result of the Bureau's recommendation, CASA's Airline Operations Area will include in their annual surveillance plan for the 2004/05 planning year, an audit of the suitability of design and use of flight deck checklists.

Last update 03 April 2012