Recommendation R20000097

Recommendation issued to: Gliding Federation of Australia

Recommendation details
Output No: R20000097
Date issued: 08 September 2000
Safety action status:
Background: Why this Recommendation was developed

Output text

The Australian Transport Safety Bureau recommends that the Gliding Federation of Australia adopt measures to make all aircraft engaged in gliding activities more conspicuous.

Initial response
Date issued: 07 December 2000
Response from: Gliding Federation of Australia
Action status: Closed - Partially Accepted
Response text:

I refer to Air Safety Occurrence Report No 199900844 and your request for a formal response to Air Safety Recommendations R20000095, R20000096, R20000097 and R20000098.

The mid-air collision risk associated with gliding activities has been the subject of considerable attention from the GFA Operations Panel over many years. Following the Waikerie accident of the 2/3/99 and with consideration of other mid-air collision accidents involving gliders, or aircraft associated with gliding operations. The Panel has taken the following actions intended to reduce the likelihood of any further occurrence of these events:

During 1999, as has been GFA practice for a number of years, Flight Safety Seminars were conducted at locations throughout Australia with the intention of bringing safety issues to the attention of as many glider pilots as possible. Approximately 50% of the available time at each of these seminars was devoted to discussions concerning mid-air collisions and related topics. It was the intentions that these discussions would ensure that all pilots attending would leave the seminars with a heightened sense of awareness of the risk of mid-air collisions associated with gliding operations and a better understanding of how to minimize these risks.

As see-and-avoid is the primary means of collision avoidance for aircraft operating under visual flight rules and it appears that this accident and others involving gliders have occurred in situations where there is no apparent reason for the developing dangerous situation to have remained unobserved by all involved. The Operations Panel has decided to increase the the emphasis on see-and-avoid training by elevating the technique of see-and-avoid techniques to the earliest possible stage of pilot training. Changes to the pilot training syllabus are being inttroduced that will ensure that primacy is established for this vital pilot skill as a prerequisite for further training.

It will also become a requirement of annual checks that pilots demonstrate an effective lookout procedure.


The Gliding Federation of Australia considers that the visibility of aircraft involved in this accident did not contribute to the accident.

It is recognised that gliders can be difficult to see in some circumstances and ways and means of making them more conspicuous continues to be pursued.

Last update 05 April 2012