Aviation safety investigations & reports

Collision with terrain involving Robinson R22 helicopter, VH-HRW, 63 km NNE of Mitchell, Qld on 28 May 2015

Investigation number:
Status: Completed
Investigation completed

Final Report

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What happened

On 28 May 2015, the pilot of a Robinson 22 helicopter, registered VH-HRW, was engaged in aerial mustering operations about 63 km north-north-east of Mitchell, Queensland. Late in the afternoon the helicopter’s tail rotor struck the branch of a 7 m-high dead and defoliated tree, the pilot lost control of the helicopter and it collided with terrain. The helicopter was destroyed and the pilot, the sole occupant, was fatally injured.

What the ATSB found

The ATSB found that the pilot was appropriately qualified and flying due west in a serviceable helicopter at low level. The sun was to the north-west and about 13°–15° above the horizon at that time. The helicopter’s tail rotor collided with the upper branch of an isolated tree. That collision separated a portion of the tail rotor blades, leading to the remainder of the tail rotor and the helicopter’s horizontal and vertical stabilisers and tail rotor gearbox also separating. The pilot could not control the helicopter and it collided with terrain.

Given the conditions, it is likely that sun glare and the darkened backdrop of a tree-lined dry creek bed affected the pilot’s vision and perception, and therefore ability to identify the isolated tree. Despite the pilot wearing a helmet that was fitted with sun visors, the ATSB could not determine whether the visors were lowered at the time. In any event, it is likely that the pilot did not see the tree, or misjudged its height and/or its distance from the approaching helicopter.

The ATSB did not identify any pre-existing mechanical defects and established that, at the time of the accident, the helicopter was likely serviceable. The helicopter was fitted with a three-point safety harness and bladder-type fuel tanks. These tanks decrease the risk of a post-impact, fuel-fed fire. Despite these additional safety features, and the safety benefits possible from the pilot wearing a helmet, the accident was not survivable due to impact forces. A number of unrestrained items in the cabin increased the risk of injury as a result of those forces.

Safety message

Low-level aerial mustering operations are an inherently high-risk activity. When conducting this type of operation, pilots need to consider the environmental conditions as part of their flight planning and operational risk assessment. The ATSB and the Civil Aviation Safety Authority have released a number of publications illustrating the risks associated with this type of operation that provide guidance and strategies for mitigating those risks.

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The occurrence


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General details
Date: 28 May 2015   Investigation status: Completed  
Time: 16:20 EST   Investigation level: Defined - click for an explanation of investigation levels  
Location   (show map): 63 km north-north-east Mitchell (near Kilmorey Falls)    
State: Queensland   Occurrence type: Collision with terrain  
Release date: 26 May 2016   Occurrence category: Accident  
Report status: Final   Highest injury level: Fatal  

Aircraft details

Aircraft details
Aircraft manufacturer Robinson Helicopter Co  
Aircraft model R22 BETA  
Aircraft registration VH-HRW  
Serial number 0901  
Type of operation Aerial Work  
Sector Helicopter  
Damage to aircraft Destroyed  
Departure point near Mitchell, Qld  
Last update 14 November 2018