Aviation safety investigations & reports

Collision with terrain involving a Liberty XL-2, VH-CZT at Moorabbin Airport, VIC on 27 February 2015

Investigation number:
Status: Completed
Investigation completed


Download Final report
[Download  PDF: 106KB]

On 27 February 2015, the pilot of a Liberty XL-2 aircraft registered VH-CZT, conducted circuits at Moorabbin Airport, Victoria. At the completion of the first circuit, the pilot flared the aircraft to land on runway 17 Left (17L). The main landing gear contacted the runway and the aircraft bounced into the air. The pilot immediately applied full power and conducted a go-around.

The pilot then conducted a second circuit and established the aircraft on final approach to the runway about 3-4 kt slower than the previous approach. The aircraft touched down normally and the pilot then performed a touch-and-go and continued the circuit.

On the third approach to runway 17L, as the pilot flared the aircraft for the landing, it collided with the runway. The aircraft then bounced into the air and the pilot initiated a go-around by applying full power and slight forward pressure on the control stick. Instead of climbing away, the aircraft struck the runway again and veered to the left. The pilot applied right rudder in an attempt to counteract the left yaw and the aircraft again became airborne before colliding with the runway and skidding towards the grass to the left of the runway.

During the accident sequence, the main landing gear collapsed and the propeller and left wingtip struck the runway, resulting in substantial damage. The pilot was not injured.

This incident highlights how different aircraft types and configurations can affect the approach profile and landing characteristics. The visual cues and the control inputs required to conduct safe landings vary depending on many factors including aircraft design and performance, weight and balance, and environmental conditions including wind strength and direction.


Aviation Short Investigations Bulletin - Issue 40

Download Final report
[Download  PDF: 106KB]


To download, click the link, then right-click and select Save As.

Copyright in material obtained from other agencies, private individuals or organisations, belongs to those agencies, individuals or organisations and should be credited accordingly.

General details
Date: 27 February 2015   Investigation status: Completed  
Time: 1236 EDT   Investigation level: Short - click for an explanation of investigation levels  
Location   (show map): Moorabbin Airport    
State: Victoria   Occurrence type: Collision with terrain  
Release date: 22 April 2015   Occurrence category: Accident  
Report status: Final   Highest injury level: None  

Aircraft details

Aircraft details
Aircraft manufacturer Liberty Aerospace Incorporated  
Aircraft model XL-2  
Aircraft registration VH-CZT  
Serial number 0101  
Type of operation Unknown  
Sector Piston  
Damage to aircraft Substantial  
Departure point Moorabbin, Vic.  
Destination Moorabbin, Vic.  
Last update 14 November 2018