Aviation safety investigations & reports

Collision with terrain involving Cessna T210N, VH-ZFW, near Inverell Airport, NSW on 4 July 2014

Investigation number:
Status: Completed
Investigation completed

Final Report

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What happened

On 4 July 2014, the pilot/owner of a Cessna Aircraft Company T210N aircraft, registered VH-ZFW, and two passengers were conducting a private flight from Inverell Airport to Bankstown Airport, New South Wales.

Shortly after take-off, oil appeared on the windscreen and the pilot rejected the take-off with the intent of landing back on the runway. As the oil temporarily obscured the pilot’s forward visibility, they looked to the left to assess their position along the runway. The pilot realised that they were a lot further along the runway than expected and that there was insufficient runway distance remaining to land safely. A go-around was commenced but the pilot reported that the engine did not respond. During the subsequent forced landing, the aircraft impacted a shrub beyond the end of the runway overrun and flipped, before coming to rest inverted.

The pilot and a passenger were hospitalised with serious injuries and the second passenger received minor injuries. The seriously-injured passenger later succumbed to their injuries. The aircraft was destroyed by the impact forces and a post-impact fuel-fed fire.

What the ATSB found

Examination of the aircraft found the engine oil filler cap detached from the oil filler tube but hanging by its chain. Further examination of the tube and cap determined that it was most likely the cap was not secure before the flight commenced. The Cessna T210N pilot’s operating handbook advised pilots to check the engine oil level during a pre-flight inspection but not the security of the separate oil filler cap. The ATSB could not establish the extent to which a specific checklist item about oil filler cap security would have assisted in identifying the unsecured cap in this case, although it would probably have increased the likelihood of detection.

Witness observations and the pilot’s assessment of the aircraft’s position along the runway during the rejected take-off indicated that the take-off was longer than normal. The reason for this could not be determined.

Examination of the engine and turbocharger found no mechanical defect or failure that would have precluded normal operation. While it was possible that a temporary issue occurred, resulting in the reported lack of engine response during the go-around, this could not be established.

The ATSB also determined that the engine manufacturer’s oil change interval had been exceeded by 3 months but it was very unlikely that this had any effect on the operation of the engine.

Safety message

This accident highlights that, prior to take-off, pilots should have in mind a go/no-go decision point along the runway by which time the aircraft should become airborne. If at that point the aircraft is not airborne, the pilot should reject the take-off. Having such a point assists pilot decision making during a critical phase of flight. This is particularly important when operating in conditions that may affect aircraft performance, such as tailwind conditions.

In addition, the ATSB highlights the importance of being aware of the daily inspection requirements when operating aircraft under a CASA maintenance schedule. In particular, how this may differ from the aircraft manufacturer’s pre-flight inspection procedure.

Photograph of VH-ZFW


Source: John Newby

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General details
Date: 04 July 2014   Investigation status: Completed  
Time: 1309 EST   Investigation level: Systemic - click for an explanation of investigation levels  
Location   (show map): near Inverell Airport    
State: New South Wales   Occurrence type: Collision with terrain  
Release date: 07 March 2016   Occurrence category: Accident  
Report status: Final   Highest injury level: Fatal  

Aircraft details

Aircraft details
Aircraft manufacturer Cessna Aircraft Company  
Aircraft model T210N  
Aircraft registration VH-ZFW  
Type of operation Private  
Sector Piston  
Damage to aircraft Destroyed  
Departure point Inverell Airport, NSW  
Last update 03 April 2020