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What happened

On 25 June 2013, the flight crew of an Airbus A320-232 aircraft, registered VH-JQG and operated by Jetstar Airways (Jetstar), was conducting an instrument landing system approach with autoland training at Sydney Airport, New South Wales.

During the approach, the training captain (pilot flying) disconnected the autothrust system by retarding the thrust levers to the IDLE STOP, and asked the first officer to assess the effect on the proposed approach. After briefly referring to the Quick Reference Handbook, the crew extended the landing gear and wing flap, and finalised the pre-landing checklist. The flight crew then became involved in a discussion about the requirements in the handbook for the proposed approach.

With engine thrust at idle and the aircraft in a high drag configuration, the airspeed quickly reduced to below the minimum approach speed. The captain was in the process of applying thrust when the aircraft’s alpha-floor protection system activated. Take-off/go-around thrust was automatically commanded by this system and the flight crew conducted a missed approach.

What the ATSB found

The ATSB found that during an autoland training exercise with the autothrust disengaged, both pilots were distracted by their consideration of a training scenario. As a result, they did not identify the airspeed reducing below the target approach speed in sufficient time to prevent activation of the aircraft’s alpha-floor protection system.

The ATSB also found that during the autoland training exercise, the training captain directed the first officer to set hypothetical minima/decision heights in the autoflight system in support of the training scenario. These heights were not applicable to the instrument approach being flown and the practice was not approved by Jetstar. The resulting increased workload impacted on the first officer’s capacity to effectively fulfil the pilot monitoring role.

What's been done as a result

As a result of this occurrence, Jetstar issued a memo to its check and training pilots highlighting the requirements for autoland training. The memo reiterated that flight crew must only use the minima for the approach being flown.

Safety message

This occurrence demonstrates the risks associated with conducting training exercises during periods of high workload. Training pilots need to be cognisant of trainee experience and capability and ensure that the training exercise never compromises the primary task of monitoring/flying the aircraft.

Download Final report
[ Download PDF: 621KB]
 
 
 

The occurrence

Context

Safety analysis

Findings

Safety issues and actions

Sources and submissions

 
General details
Date: 25 June 2013 Investigation status: Completed 
Time: 1025 EST Investigation type: Occurrence Investigation 
Location   (show map):Sydney Airport Occurrence type:Unstable approach 
State: New South Wales Occurrence class: Operational 
Release date: 29 September 2015 Occurrence category: Incident 
Report status: Final Highest injury level: None 
 
Aircraft details
Aircraft manufacturer: Airbus 
Aircraft model: A320 
Aircraft registration: VH-JQG 
Serial number: 2169 
Operator: Jetstar Airways 
Type of operation: Air Transport High Capacity 
Damage to aircraft: Nil 
Departure point:Ballina, NSW
Destination:Sydney, NSW
 
 
 
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Last update 29 September 2015