Marine safety investigations & reports

Collision between the bulk carrier Furness Melbourne and the private yacht Riga II, north of Bowen, Qld on 26 May 2012

Investigation number:
Status: Completed
Investigation completed


Download Final Report
[Download  PDF: 2.51MB]

What happened

At 2156 on 26 May 2012, the bulk carrier Furness Melbourne and the yacht Riga II collided about 15 miles north of Bowen, Queensland.

Riga II was dismasted and its hull was damaged but no-one was seriously injured and the yacht was towed into Bowen by a volunteer marine rescue vessel.

Furness Melbourne was not damaged and, after rendering assistance to the yacht, continued its voyage.

What the ATSB found

The investigation found that a proper lookout was not being kept on board either vessel in the time leading up to the collision.

Furness Melbourne’s lookout had sighted Riga II’s starboard sidelight prior to collision but the officer of the watch made a series of assumptions based on limited information and concluded that the light was from a distant navigation buoy rather than another vessel that presented a risk of collision.

Riga II’s watchkeeper did not visually identify Furness Melbourne’s navigation lights in time to make an effective appraisal of the situation, did not set the yacht’s automatic identification system (AIS) unit on a range scale that would provide adequate warning of approaching vessels and when alerted by the AIS of the approaching ship, misinterpreted that information.

What's been done as a result

In the past 25 years, 60 collisions involving ships and small vessels have been reported to the ATSB and its predecessor, the Marine Incident Investigation Unit. Of these, 39 have been investigated.

The findings from these investigations have invariably included the failure of the watchkeepers on board one or both vessels to keep a proper lookout and the absence of early and appropriate action to avoid a collision.

The safety lessons from these investigations have been included in the published investigation reports. A number of safety bulletins that aim to highlight the risks and educate seafarers with regard to the similar contributing factors have also been published.

These documents and further safety related information can be downloaded at:

Safety message

This incident again emphasises the need for those charged with the navigation of vessels of all types and sizes to keep a proper lookout and to take early and appropriate action to avoid a collision in accordance with the international collision regulations.

Download Final Report
[Download  PDF: 2.51MB]


To download, click the link, then right-click and select Save As.

Copyright in material obtained from other agencies, private individuals or organisations, belongs to those agencies, individuals or organisations and should be credited accordingly.

Safety Issue

Go to MO-2012-006-SI-01 -

Failure to keep a proper lookout

In the past 25 years the ATSB and its predecessor have investigated 39 collisions between trading ships and smaller vessels on the Australian coast. These investigations have all concluded that there was a failure of the watchkeepers on board one or both vessels to keep a proper lookout and that there was an absence of early and appropriate action to avoid the collision.

Safety issue details
Issue number: MO-2012-006-SI-01
Who it affects: Watchkeepers
Status: Adequately addressed
General details
Date: 26 May 2012   Investigation status: Completed  
Time: 2150 (UTC+10)   Investigation level: Systemic - click for an explanation of investigation levels  
Location   (show map): Off Bowen    
State: Queensland    
Release date: 12 December 2013   Occurrence category: Serious Incident  
Report status: Final   Highest injury level: Minor  

Vessel 1 details

Vessel 1 details
Vessel Furness Melbourne  
Flag Panama  
IMO 9403061  
Type of operation Bulk Carrier  
Damage to vessel Minor  
Destination Portland, Victoria  

Vessel 2 details

Vessel 2 details
Vessel Riga II  
Type of operation Yacht  
Damage to vessel Substantial  
Departure point Cid Harbour, Queensland  
Destination Townsville, Queensland  
Last update 03 April 2020