Aviation safety investigations & reports

In-flight engine failure - Christmas Island 19 October 2009

Investigation number:
Status: Completed
Investigation completed


Download Final Report
[Download  PDF: 974KB]

On 19 October 2009, a British Aerospace Avro-RJ70 aircraft sustained an in-flight engine failure shortly after taking off from Christmas Island.

The investigation found that the number-2 engine failed due to severe overheating damage to the high-pressure turbine section components. The overheating was most likely related to a defective fuel injector nozzle that exposed the turbine nozzle guide vanes and blades to a sustained over-temperature condition and cumulative thermal damage. Although the engine's operating performance and condition was being monitored as part of the operator's Engine Condition and Trend Monitoring (ECTM) program, no significant indications of the impending failure were detected in the lead up to the failure.

The flight crew reported that while responding to the engine failure they were unable to extend the fire lever in order to operate the engine's fire suppression system. The operator subsequently inspected the system, but could not duplicate the problem.

The ATSB did not identify any safety issues as a result of its investigation that required safety action to be taken.

Download Final Report
[Download  PDF: 974KB]
General details
Date: 19 October 2009   Investigation status: Completed  
Time: 0909 UTC   Investigation level: Systemic - click for an explanation of investigation levels  
Location   (show map): near Christmas Island Aerodrome    
State: External Territory   Occurrence type: Engine failure or malfunction  
Release date: 02 November 2010   Occurrence category: Incident  
Report status: Final   Highest injury level: None  

Aircraft details

Aircraft details
Aircraft manufacturer British Aerospace PLC  
Aircraft model AVRO 146  
Aircraft registration VH-NJT  
Serial number E1228  
Type of operation Air Transport High Capacity  
Damage to aircraft Minor  
Departure point Christmas Island  
Destination Cocos-Keeling Island  
Last update 03 April 2020