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After taking off from Scone, the pilot of an Embraer 820C aircraft reported that when retracting the landing gear, the landing gear selector failed to return to the neutral position, and the gear unsafe light remained on. The emergency checklist was actioned and the emergency hand pump was used by the pilot to extend the landing gear, however, the nose gear failed to lock down. The pilot requested emergency services to be in attendance prior to returning for a landing. When the aircraft subsequently landed, the nose gear collapsed during the landing roll. The pilot and passenger vacated the aircraft without injury. An investigation revealed that the right engine driven hydraulic pump was leaking from a loose suction line fitting, and that most of the hydraulic fluid had been lost overboard. Inspection of the hydraulic hand pump found contamination of the check valve. This was probably enough to hold the valve off its seat so that insufficient pressure was available to lock the nose gear in the down position. Further investigation determined that the right engine had been changed prior to the accident flight. As the engine had been supplied without a hydraulic pump, a serviceable pump was fitted. During engine ground running, the right hydraulic pump failed to pressurise the system and it was assumed that, because the left and right engines rotate in opposite directions, the pump was configured for left engine rotation. On completion of the engine run, the hydraulic pump lines were reconfigured for correct rotation. A very short engine run confirmed that the pump pressurised the system and that no leaks were apparent. However, the suction line had not been properly tightened, which was not detected. Sometime later, at about the time the aircraft departed, hydraulic fluid commenced to leak from the loose suction line fitting. It is likely that whilst the pump was operating in the reverse rotation mode during the first engine run, the reversed hydraulic flow disturbed any sediment that was in the hydraulic system. The contamination then found its way into the hand pump when it was operated by the pilot during the emergency extension of the landing gear.
Download Final Report
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General details
Date: 11 May 1998 Investigation status: Completed 
Time: 11:00 EST  
 Investigation type: Occurrence Investigation 
 Occurrence type: Wheels up landing 
Release date: 02 July 1998 Occurrence class: Operational 
Report status: Final Occurrence category: Accident 
Aircraft details
Aircraft manufacturer: Embraer-Empresa Brasileira De Aeronautica 
Aircraft model: EMB-820-C 
Aircraft registration: VH-HVA 
Sector: Piston 
Damage to aircraft: Substantial 
Departure point:Scone NSW
Destination:Gunnedah NSW
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Last update 28 October 2014