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Factual Information An F27 Mk50 (F50) departed Sydney for Canberra from runway 34L and was being radar vectored by Departures South (DepS) for a left turn to intercept the 207-degree radial from the Sydney VHF omni-range beacon (VOR). The controller had restricted the climb of the F50 so that it was maintaining 5,000 ft. This restriction was initiated in order to provide vertical separation from an arriving B747 that would be radar vectored from the west to make a left circuit to runway 34L. The B747 was arriving at Sydney from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and had been assigned 6,000 ft on descent in order to provide vertical separation from the F50. The crew had correctly read back the assigned level to Approach South (AppS) control who subsequently issued instructions for the B747 crew to turn their aircraft onto a downwind leg. The radar vectors issued by DepS and AppS resulted in the two aircraft following flight paths that would cross each other approximately 10 NM south west of Sydney Airport. As the aircraft converged, the controllers noticed that the height readouts from the two aircraft became 'garbled' (unreadable) and it was only when the aircraft had passed, and were approximately 2 NM apart, that they became readable again. The AppS controller then observed that the height readout for the B747 showed 5,500 ft. At the same time the crew of the B747 queried their assigned altitude and were told that it was 6,000 ft. By the time this conversation was completed, the aircraft were more than 3 NM apart and radar separation standard had been re-established. The AppS controller then instructed the crew of the B747 to continue descent to 5,000 ft. The crew of the B747 had been involved in making a public address announcement to the passengers as the aircraft had been passing 7,000 ft. As a result, the attention of the crew was not totally on the altitude restriction and, as a result of high cockpit workload, the aircraft was allowed to descend below the assigned altitude. The aircraft passed approximately 700-800 ft vertically apart, with no discernible horizontal displacement. As the applicable standard is either 1,000 ft vertically or 3 NM horizontally, a breakdown of separation standards occurred. Analysis The operator's Standard Operating Procedures specified that the public address system should not normally be used below the transition altitude (10,000 ft in Australia). The crew had been informed that the film being shown to the passengers was running late and the captain elected to wait until it had finished before making the public address announcements regarding arrival at Sydney. Findings 1. The crew of the B747 allowed their aircraft to descend below the assigned level. 2. Both air traffic controllers acted in an appropriate manner. 3. The crew of the B747 made a public address announcement at a time that was contrary to company standard procedures. Safety Action As a result of the investigation the operating company reinforced its Standard Operating Procedures in respect to public address announcements below the transition altitude.
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General details
Date: 04 December 1995 Investigation status: Completed 
Time: 7:18 ESuT  
 Investigation type: Occurrence Investigation 
 Occurrence type: Loss of separation 
Release date: 23 July 1996 Occurrence class: Airspace 
Report status: Final Occurrence category: Incident 
Aircraft 1 details
Aircraft manufacturer: Fokker B.V. 
Aircraft model: F27 MK 50 
Aircraft registration: VH-FNB 
Sector: Turboprop 
Damage to aircraft: Nil 
Departure point:Sydney NSW
Destination:Canberra ACT
Aircraft 2 details
Aircraft manufacturer: The Boeing Company 
Aircraft model: 747-312 
Aircraft registration: VH-INK 
Sector: Jet 
Damage to aircraft: Nil 
Departure point:Kuala Lumpur Malaysia
Destination:Sydney NSW
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Last update 21 October 2014