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The aircraft was observed to depart from a farm paddock, climb to approximately 300 feet above ground level and accelerate to cruising speed. Shortly afterwards the engine began to labour, there was a clattering noise a loud metallic bang and then silence. The aircraft was observed to pitch upside down and descend vertically until it collided with the ground. An inspection of the wreckage indicated that the labouring noise was caused when the hydraulic pump actuating cable became entangled in the propeller. The clattering noise was caused by the propeller blades striking the main rotor blades and the loud metallic bang was caused when the main rotor blades struck the rudder assembly. The hydraulic pump was part of a main rotor drive system used to increase main rotor rotational speed prior to take off. All noise ceased when the propeller made solid contact with the main rotor blades and the engine stalled. The main rotor strike on the rudder assembly caused the fibreglass rudder to break up in-flight and pieces of the rudder were found a significant distance downwind from the wreckage. A study of rotorcraft aerodynamics indicates that a sudden application of forward control input is required to create the circumstances which will significantly reverse the airflow through the rotor and cause the main rotor blade to make contact with the propeller and the rudder assembly. The pilot had completed a rotorcraft pilot's course and taken delivery of his aircraft the previous month. Shortly after the aircraft was delivered the pilot made a number of modifications to the hydraulic, fuel and the electrical systems. The pilot did not check any of his modifications with the manufacturer. The pilot had a contract which required the use of the rotorcraft and he was in a hurry to complete preparations for the contract. During the modifications the pilot re-routed an actuating cable running between a hand operated lever, mounted on the control stick, and a hydraulic pump mounted at the rear of the engine and immediately adjacent to the propeller hub. The manufacturer had routed and secured the cable so that there was no unnecessary slack. The re-routing increased the amount of slack in the cable by more than 200 mm and this was sufficient under the right circumstances, to allow the cable to become entangled with the propeller. Marks and damage to the aircraft and its components indicate that when the aircraft reached its cruising speed, the slack cable at the rear of the aircraft was blown backwards until it was caught by a bolt shank which was part of the propeller hub. The cable became entangled in the propeller which in turn pulled the control stick back towards the pilot. The pilot's natural reaction would have been to apply force to the control stick to push it forward against the rearward force applied by the cable. As the propeller continued to turn with the cable attached, all slack was taken up and the cable failed at both the forward and rear attachment points. The rearwards force on the control stick would have ceased suddenly and the pilot's countering force would have pushed the control stick forward setting up the circumstances necessary to cause the main rotor blade to strike the propeller and rudder. The entire sequence would have taken no more than 2 to 3 seconds.

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General details
Date: 05 April 1990 Investigation status: Completed 
Time: 1641  
Location:12 km north-east Esperence Investigation type: Occurrence Investigation 
State: Western Australia Occurrence type: Airframe - Other 
Release date: 30 July 1990 Occurrence class: Technical 
Report status: Final Occurrence category: Accident 
 Highest injury level: Fatal 
Aircraft details
Aircraft manufacturer: JRM Helyplanes 
Aircraft model: Challenge Rotorcraft 
Type of operation: Sports Aviation 
Damage to aircraft: Substantial 
Departure point:Esperence, WA
Departure time:1640
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Last update 11 March 2016