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The aircraft was approaching 1000 feet, on departure, when it began to vibrate significantly. The pilot declared an emergency and carried out a precautionary landing in open country. An inspection of the aircraft disclosed that two of the three main rotor blades had begun to delaminate along their trailing edges and the foam core of one blade had begun to break up. Subsequent inspections of the blades indicated that all three had suffered a foliage strike on their lower surface. The strikes had caused sufficient damage to the blade material to allow delamination to occur; however, they had not been sufficiently heavy to damage the blades' leading edges or penetrate the skin except where the blade body joins the the trailing edge insert. It was evident from the strike marks that the blades had been positioned at a high angle of attack at the time of the strike. Debris found in the skin fracture indicated that the strikes had occurred some time prior to the delamination but not more than two to four flying hours. The light nature of the strikes indicates that the pilot and crew were possibly unaware that a strike had occurred. The high angle of attack on the blades indicates that the strikes occurred either during an approach to land or whilst the aircraft was manoeuvring at low level in the vicinity of tall trees.

Download Final Report
[ Download PDF: 22KB]
General details
Date: 04 October 1990 Investigation status: Completed 
Time: 1240  
Location   (show map):4 km south of Guilderton Investigation type: Occurrence Investigation 
State: Western Australia  
Release date: 05 April 1991  
Report status: Final Occurrence category: Accident 
 Highest injury level: None 
Aircraft details
Aircraft manufacturer: Aerospatiale Industries 
Aircraft model: AS355 
Aircraft registration: VH-NJL 
Serial number: 5039 
Type of operation: Aerial Work 
Sector: Helicopter 
Damage to aircraft: Substantial 
Departure point:Guilderton WA
Departure time:1235
Destination:Jandakot WA
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Last update 16 November 2015