Aviation safety investigations & reports

Aerospatiale AS350B, VH-HRX, 4 km SSW of Williamsford TAS, 19 December 1989

Investigation number:
198901562
Status: Completed
Investigation completed

Summary

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The pilot was operating into a modified platform located in mountainous terrain and built on a steep slope. He had landed there about ten times in the previous forty eight hours, in support of a geological survey team. The weather at the time was fine, with occasional gusts of wind. The pilot held the helicopter skids lightly on the platform, parallel to the heavy loose planks making up the platform, and side on to the slope. It was estimated that the tips of the main rotor blades were about 1.5 metres vertically clear of the slope, with the cyclic control in the neutral position and the rotors at normal operating rpm. One man was present in the rear cabin to receive trays of core samples from four others who carried the trays to the helicopter. The pilot was unable to remember exactly what happened, but the man receiving the core trays into the cabin clearly remembers a very strong wind gust which caused the tail of the helicopter to suddenly swing towards the slope. He was also aware of the cabin moving slightly towards the slope because a core tray suddenly became harder to reach. He was also aware of the left side of the helicopter suddenly lifting slightly prior to massive vibrations consistent with rotor strikes. The main rotor blades clipped the tops of small stumps before striking the ground forward of the stumps. The rotor strikes were so severe that the main rotor and gearbox assembly were torn out of the helicopter and flung 10 metres down the slope. Sudden stoppage forces shattered the engine reduction gearbox and the free turbine, parts of which penetrated the the rear luggage compartment. The rear of the engine caught fire briefly. Injuries sustained by ground personnel occurred as they ran for cover. The helicopter remained upright on the platform. The site did not meet the approved helicopter landing site standards prescribed by the Civil Aviation Authority.

Download Final Report
[Download  PDF: 24KB]
 
 
 
General details
Date: 19 December 1989   Investigation status: Completed  
Time: 1400    
Location: 4 km SSW of Williamsford    
State: Tasmania   Occurrence type: Loss of control  
Release date: 20 June 1990   Occurrence category: Accident  
Report status: Final   Highest injury level: Serious  

Aircraft details

Aircraft details
Aircraft manufacturer Aerospatiale Industries  
Aircraft model AS350  
Aircraft registration VH-HRX  
Serial number 1592  
Type of operation Aerial Work  
Sector Helicopter  
Damage to aircraft Substantial  
Departure point 3 km W of Williamsford TAS  
Departure time 1350  
Destination 3 km W of Williamsford TAS  
Last update 16 November 2015